Origin, diffusion and economic characteristics
French breed of large size. There are two different lines: the industrial type and the agricultural type (smaller).
Industrial goose of Toulouse
They are the mammoths of the geese world! Their appearance is imposing with a very developed chest and a huge keel which, together with the double ventral bags, touches the ground. This huge mass makes Toulouse a goose suitable for small gardens because it is not very active, has a quiet and barely aggressive character. It is a very delicate breed, not suitable for novice enthusiasts; being able to obtain perfect specimens is a very risky and complex task! Loca di Tolosa has a very slow growth and takes two years to reach full development, while in most other races of a much smaller size, development is already around 4 months; there is a notable difference in this! In the best subjects, the chglia instead has an early development; between six weeks and five months, this already reaches a very evident development and if within nine months this does not occur, then the thoracic baleen will no longer develop. Index that the subject must be discarded because it is not relevant to the standard! It often happens to meet with specimens with defects of any kind, however this does not call into question the purity of the animal; out of 10 chicks 8 must at least develop the keel and if the percentage should be less than 50% then there are serious doubts about the purity of these subjects! Very important is the kind and quality of food that is provided to children, so that these somatic aspects can achieve their development. High protein food ad libitum at least up to 5 months of age! In fact, at a young age, Toulouse are the most delicate of all geese. The Toulouse goose originates in the north of the Garona in France, in the wide valleys of the Garona river and its tributaries; they were and are the most popular geese in the provinces of that area and Tarn and Gers are other places of the most famous in the selection of the Toulouse goose. The centerpiece of those ancient regions is the ancient city of Toulouse and already in the 15th century the loca of Toulouse was famous and renowned in relation to the paté de foies gras. A liver that once the forced fattening is over, reaches the kilogram of weight and more! The first Toulouse were exported to England and America, using an ancient export route that had been used for all sorts of shipping for several centuries. From the city of Toulouse, the geese were transported by ship across the Midi canal to Marseille. For this reason these geese were called at the beginning Marseille geese or Mediterranean geese. Toulouse landed in England for the first time in 1840 and since then, as was the case with other genera of poultry, such as Embden loca, for example, they were bred and selected by private collectors who took care of safeguarding the purity of the breed and its improvement. Always attentive and meticulous, the English breeders helped make the geese of Toulouse the splendid giants that we admire today! The first specimens of Toulouse in fact reached about 8 kg, and once adopted by the British, the weight and size gradually increased; in the Victorian era, exactly around 1870, subjects weighing about 14 kg were reported. And in 1894 a specimen of about 15.5 won the prize at the National Fair in London. But there are reports of authentic giants that reached 23.5! In America, Toulouse enjoyed considerable success and soon became the most popular and best-selling breed! We have received other records regarding this titanic breed, but which in truth belongs to all geese; their longevity. In Boxford, Massachusset, news has come down to us attesting to the longevity of a female from Toulouse who had belonged to a family for 101 years who was however hatching 15 eggs when a horse kicked her! Another female named Madame Goose, owned by Mr. Robert Schomp of New Jersey laid 6 eggs (3 of which hatched) at the age of 85!
Cut it: great
Average weight (English standard):
- Male a. 12-13.5 kg
- Female a. 9-11 kg
Average weight (European standard):
- Male a. 7-10 kg
- Female a. 6-9 kg
Ash gray coat with darker wings. Brown eyes.
Today's Toulouse, while remaining true giants, weighs considerably less than the specimens of the past. And although they sometimes appear larger than the Embden, it is due to the very soft and swollen plumage. Imposing appearance; neck of medium length and very often carried vertically, with dewlap (bib) of considerable development; voluminous keel that perfectly joins the double ventral bale that touches the ground. Laying 40/60 eggs weighing 160 grams.
In England loca of industrial Toulouse is also recognized in the Buff and Bianca varieties.
Furthermore, of the industrial type, described so far, there is the agricultural variety; with the same origin as the most celebrated industrial Toulouse, but with a more strictly family breeding.
There Agricultural Toulouse it has the same plumage but is decidedly smaller; the male weighs 8/10 kg and the female weighs 6/8 kg. The throat has no bib; the abdominal bale is double as in the industrial one but the chest is free of keel.
Thanks to Francesco Silletta
Industrial geese of Toulouse (photo http://toulouser-gaense.npage.de)
Agricultural geese of Toulouse
Toulouse Geese Buff (photo www.fancygeese.com)
White Toulouse Geese (photo http://wassergefluegel.npage.de)
Breed standard - FIAV
I - GENERALITIES
Origin: France. Selected in the Toulouse region using common geese.
Minimum weight g. 160
Shell color: white.
Male and female: 27
II - TYPE AND ADDRESSES FOR THE SELECTION
Goose with solid body, strong neck, short, wide head, with dewlap and double fanone.
Maintaining vitality and earliness. Improve deposition capacity and fertility.
III - STANDARD
General appearance and characteristics of the breed
Trunk: Very voluminous, wide, deep, not too long, massive in all
Head: Short, wide, high, with a well-formed dewlap, flat forehead and rounded skull.
Beak: Short, strong, with the end curved downwards.
Eyes: Large, sunken in the skull, with very thin ocular caruncles.
Face: Very pronounced cheeks.
Giogaia: Well developed.
Neck: Of medium length, strong, brought at right angles to the line of the back.
Shoulders: Very wide.
Back: Very wide, almost straight, rounded on the sides, with horizontal bearing.
Wings: Wide, not too long, high and well fitting.
Tail: Short, wide, well closed, horizontal reach.
Chest: Very full, rounded, with very straight keel, very deep.
Legs: Very strong legs, hidden in the plumage of the hips; robust and short tarsi.
Belly: Full, wide, well developed, well rounded that closes almost
vertically under the tail; has double bale.
Skin: Whitish, soft, under skin with significant presence of fat.
2 - WEIGHTS
MALE: Kg. 7,0-10,0
FEMALE: Kg. 6,0-9,0
Absence of dewlap; simple or absent baleen; oblique keel. Male: lower weight
to kg. 6.0. Female: weight less than kg. 5.0.
3 - PLUMAGE
Conformation: Luxuriant, with wide and soft feathers, very dense down.
IV - COLORS
MALE AND FEMALE
Head, dewlap, back, wings, tail are dark gray with brown reflections and are
edged with white gray. The coloration of the chest, belly and baleen is light gray,
the belly is white. Young subjects are lighter and more brown. Eyes: dark brown,
orange ocular caruncles. Beak: orange, light nails; in younger subjects it is
slightly dark. Tarsi and interdigital membrane: orange. Nails: clear.